When examining a rose shoot, there are 2 to 5 leaves with 5 leaflets in the middle, and just below and above these are smaller leaves with 3 leaflets and other leaves. Just below the rose bud there are, in order, a thin,long leaflet, a leaf with 3 leaflets, and the rose buds below the first leaf with 5 leaflets. These are sharp. Below these, the rose buds are round, and the units to the bottom of the shoot are straight.
Knowing the state of rose buds on the shoot is very important for harvesting. If these buds are left to flower, the sharp buds will make short stemmed roses, which isn’t of high quality. Because of this, the stem should be cut from the soft deadheading spot, just below the first 5 leafleted leaf. This also helps the round buds to grow long stemmed roses.
It must be noted that the variety of rose is also important for deciding when to harvest. While the yellow roses are harvested before fully maturing, the red and pink ones should be harvested when the outer petals are starting to open.
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