Vertical Farming is a great idea with the help of which one can minimize the land usage while still feeding the masses. It is not difficult to adopt this idea; just find a fertile urban land, create blocks through concrete and glass and then start farming the vegetables, pigs, fruits, poultry, and fish on it. All this will be happened in a structured and controlled environment. Surely, you will be interested in Vertical farming advantages and disadvantages, for you I’m going to explain both .
Vertical Farming Advantages:
- Efficient Method: There are a number of people who diverted from traditional farming to vertical farming because they thought that this method is quite efficient and effective. When a person goes for this method then he does not need to spend his amount on pesticides or on insecticides; everything is produced in a controlled environment so there are less chances of attack of pests and insects.
- Protection from Harsh Weather Condition: One of the best vertical advantages is protection of crops and plant from harsh weather condition. The reason is that the temperature of vertical farm is set at the level that is good for the growth of crops and plants. The indifferent weather conditions such as hurricanes, hail, drought and snap freezes have little or no effect on the produce. As global temperature is becoming unpredictable with the passage of time therefore many farmers considered this method of farming more suitable.
- Reduce Water usage and wastage: When you compare the vertical farming with conventional farming then you come to know that the former method reduces the water waste to a great extent. Almost 70% of the world’s drinkable water is used for traditional farming while only 30-40% utilized for Vertical Farming purpose. The reduction of water waste is another vertical farming advantage. When the plants and crops are grown in these farms then transpiration process starts. This process makes it feasible for the farmers to reuse the water for irrigation purpose. The chances of water waste become minimal and therefore this method is helpful in resources conservation process.
- No spoilage of Produce: There is little or no spoilage of produce just when a person uses vertical farming method because the crops will be consumed just after the harvest. You don’t need to bear the transportation cost for transferring the produce from one place to another as all crops will be utilized within the city.
Vertical Farming Disadvantages:
- High Cost: One of the main Vertical Farming disadvantage is the high cost associated with this idea. You know that the price of urban land is higher than that of farmland. The person who wants to use this idea must have to arrange big investment. Purchasing the land is not only a single issue that requires big amount. He would need money for powering up the farmscraper. There are some expenses which are related with creating a controlled environment of this vertical farm. There are also some flaws which will be noticed only when a person runs this system and therefore he must know how to deal with such issues.
- Limited varieties of vegetables and Fruits: Another thing that makes this idea unattractive for the farmer is the fact that they are unable to grow the different varieties of fruits and vegetables in this vertical farm. The reason is that there are only a few varieties of vegetables and fruits that can be produced well in this controlled environment of farm.
Due to these possible vertical farming disadvantages, some farmers still prefer the traditional farming over it. However, a person who wants to do something creative must go for this lucrative idea by paying more attention to vertical farming advantages and less onto its disadvantages.